International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences

Volume 8, Issue 1, January 2019

  • Intake of a Japanese-Style Healthy Lunch Has Possibilities of Contributing to the Normalization of Serum Lipids and Adipokines: A Non-Randomized Controlled Trial Pilot Study

    Hiroko Inoue, Ryosuke Sasaki, Toshiko Kuwano

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 1, January 2019
    Pages: 1-9
    Received: 17 December 2018
    Accepted: 10 January 2019
    Published: 31 January 2019
    Abstract: To date, the incidence of metabolic syndrome has been increasing continuously worldwide; and recently, low vegetable consumption has become a major issue of concern in Japan. Furthermore, Japan is facing a shortfall in places offering food that can help prevent metabolic syndrome. Our study was designed to determine the influence of an on-going hea... Show More
  • Lactulose Crystals Beneficially Affect Community Composition Along Entire Human Colon in Vitro, Resulting in Donor-Dependent Prebiotic Effects at Metabolic Level

    Cindy Duysburgh, Pieter Van Den Abbeele, Melanie Bothe, John Stover, Angelika Kuchinka-Koch, Susann Schwejda-Guettes, Massimo Marzorati

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 1, January 2019
    Pages: 10-22
    Received: 12 February 2019
    Accepted: 20 March 2019
    Published: 29 April 2019
    Abstract: A validated in vitro gut model (i.e. SHIME®) was used to assess the effect of repeated daily administration of lactulose on microbial metabolic activity and community composition in different colonic areas, with the focus on inter-individual differences among three human subjects. An initial rise in acetate and lactate levels was observed in the pr... Show More
  • Sampling for Genetically Modified Organisms Content Analysisin Agricultural Products: From Analytical Sample to Test Portion

    Jing Xu, Jiang Zheng, Lu Gao, Jijuan Cao

    Issue: Volume 8, Issue 1, January 2019
    Pages: 23-29
    Received: 12 March 2019
    Accepted: 27 April 2019
    Published: 23 May 2019
    Abstract: Objective: At present, Sampling standards and regulations for genetically modified organisms (GMO) are commonly based on theoretical calculations or computer simulations, and there is a lack of field data to validate these simulations. In view of this situation, we sampled agricultural products for GMO content analysis, and investigated the influen... Show More