International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences

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Bean Weevil Callosobruchus chinensis in Stored Soybean and Its Management at Jimma, Ethiopia

Received: 3 November 2023    Accepted: 20 November 2023    Published: 14 December 2023
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Abstract

Soybean has been growing in various agro-ecologies of Ethiopia since its introduction to the country. Among biotic stresses the production of soybean affected by different field and storage pests. Currently, soybean storage insect pest has been a major concern in different soybean producing countries, including Ethiopia. Assessment was done at Jimma agricultural research center on stored soybean entries and varieties for the precence and absence of the Callosobruchus pest. As management method, four different locally available storage materials and one imporve storage bag (PICS) were evaluated. The treatments were arranged in randomized complete block design with two replications. We identified the Callosobruchus chinensis as one of the economically important stored soybean pest affecting the stored soybean at Jimma, and its infestation severely increased from time to time. Based upon evaluated storage materials 0.06% to 91.71% weight loss after six months storage duration was recorded. Stored soybean seeds in PICS gave lower grain damage (8.05%) and weight loss (0.06%). Hence, Purdue Improved Crop Storage (PICS) can reduce the infestation of C. chinensis and can be used as one component of integrated stored soybean pest management. Further studies are recommended especially on the resistant genotype screening, and development of integrated pest management.

DOI 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20231206.13
Published in International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences (Volume 12, Issue 6, November 2023)
Page(s) 180-183
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Polypropylene Bag, PICS, Weight Loss, Grain Damage, Ethiopia

References
[1] Tesfaye, M. A., Arega, A., Atero, B., Degu, T. and Hailemariam, M., 2018. Progress of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] breeding and genetics research in Ethiopia: a review. Ethiop. J. Crop Sci, 6(3), pp. 129-152.
[2] Khojely, D. M., Ibrahim, S. E., Sapey, E. and Han, T., 2018. History, current status, and prospects of soybean production and research in sub-Saharan Africa. The Crop Journal, 6(3), pp. 226-235.
[3] Tuda, M., J. Rönn, S. Buranapanichpan, N. Wasano, and G. Arnqvist. 2006. Evolutionary diversification of the bean beetle genus Callosobruchus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae): traits associated with stored-product pest status. Molecular Ecology, 15(12): 3541-3551.
[4] JARC (Jimma Agricultural Research Center). 2014. Jimma Agricultural Research Center progress report for the period 2013/2014. JARC, Jimma.
[5] Adams JM, Schulter GM (1978). Losses Caused by Insects, Mites and Micro-organisms. In: Postharvest Grain Loss Assessment Methods. pp. 83-95. Harris K. L. and Lindblad C. G. (eds), New York, American Association of Cereal Chemists.
[6] Wambugu PW, Mathenge EO, Auma, Havan R (2009). Efficacy of traditional maize (Zea mays L.) seed storage methods in western Kenya. AJFAND 9(4): 1110-1128.
[7] R Core Team. 2020. R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria.
[8] Pawlowski, M. L., Lagos-Kutz, D. M., da Fonseca Santos, M., Lee, N., Chigeza, G., Nachilima, C., Francischini, J.H.M.B. and Hartman, G. L., 2021. Potential threat of bruchids on soybean production in Sub-Saharan Africa. Plant Health Progress, 22(2), pp. 86-91.
[9] Almogdad, M., Jonavičienė, A. and Semaškienė, R., 2023. Bruchus rufimanus Boh. Effect on Broad Bean Seed Quality and the Infection Level of Seed-Borne Fungal Pathogens. Plants, 12(9), p. 1825.
[10] Huber, J., Chaluppa, N., Voit, B., Steinkellner, S. and Killermann, B., 2023. Damage potential of the broad bean beetle (Bruchus rufimanus Boh.) on seed quality and yield of faba beans (Vicia faba L.). Crop Protection, 168, p. 106227.
[11] Odjo, S., Bongianino, N., González Regalado, J., Cabrera Soto, M. L., Palacios-Rojas, N., Burgueño, J. and Verhulst, N., 2022. Effect of storage technologies on postharvest insect pest control and seed germination in mexican maize landraces. Insects, 13(10), p. 878.
[12] Hell, K., Ognakossan, K. E. and Lamboni, Y., 2014. PICS hermetic storage bags ineffective in controlling infestations of Prostephanus truncatus and Dinoderus spp. in traditional cassava chips. Journal of stored products research, 58, pp. 53-58.
[13] Beck, C. W., and L. S. Blumer. 2014. A handbook on bean beetles, Callosobruchus maculatus.
[14] Murdock, L. L., D. Seck, G. Ntoukam, L. Kitch, and R. E. Shade. 2003. Preservation of cowpea grain in sub-Saharan Africa- Bean/Cowpea CRSP contributions. Field Crop Research 82 (2- 3): 169-178. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-4290(03)00036-4
[15] Berhe, M., Bhadriraju, S., Demissie, G., Chichaybelu, M., Abera, F. A., Mahroof, R. and Harvey, J., 2023. Impact of Storage Technologies and Duration on Insect Pest Population, Post-Harvest Losses, and Seed Quality of Stored Chickpea in Ethiopia. Pest Management Science.
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  • APA Style

    Shimales, T., Bidira, T. (2023). Bean Weevil Callosobruchus chinensis in Stored Soybean and Its Management at Jimma, Ethiopia. International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences, 12(6), 180-183. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijnfs.20231206.13

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    ACS Style

    Shimales, T.; Bidira, T. Bean Weevil Callosobruchus chinensis in Stored Soybean and Its Management at Jimma, Ethiopia. Int. J. Nutr. Food Sci. 2023, 12(6), 180-183. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20231206.13

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    AMA Style

    Shimales T, Bidira T. Bean Weevil Callosobruchus chinensis in Stored Soybean and Its Management at Jimma, Ethiopia. Int J Nutr Food Sci. 2023;12(6):180-183. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20231206.13

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ijnfs.20231206.13,
      author = {Tamiru Shimales and Tigist Bidira},
      title = {Bean Weevil Callosobruchus chinensis in Stored Soybean and Its Management at Jimma, Ethiopia},
      journal = {International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences},
      volume = {12},
      number = {6},
      pages = {180-183},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ijnfs.20231206.13},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijnfs.20231206.13},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijnfs.20231206.13},
      abstract = {Soybean has been growing in various agro-ecologies of Ethiopia since its introduction to the country. Among biotic stresses the production of soybean affected by different field and storage pests. Currently, soybean storage insect pest has been a major concern in different soybean producing countries, including Ethiopia. Assessment was done at Jimma agricultural research center on stored soybean entries and varieties for the precence and absence of the Callosobruchus pest. As management method, four different locally available storage materials and one imporve storage bag (PICS) were evaluated. The treatments were arranged in randomized complete block design with two replications. We identified the Callosobruchus chinensis as one of the economically important stored soybean pest affecting the stored soybean at Jimma, and its infestation severely increased from time to time. Based upon evaluated storage materials 0.06% to 91.71% weight loss after six months storage duration was recorded. Stored soybean seeds in PICS gave lower grain damage (8.05%) and weight loss (0.06%). Hence, Purdue Improved Crop Storage (PICS) can reduce the infestation of C. chinensis and can be used as one component of integrated stored soybean pest management. Further studies are recommended especially on the resistant genotype screening, and development of integrated pest management.
    },
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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    JF  - International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
    JO  - International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
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    AB  - Soybean has been growing in various agro-ecologies of Ethiopia since its introduction to the country. Among biotic stresses the production of soybean affected by different field and storage pests. Currently, soybean storage insect pest has been a major concern in different soybean producing countries, including Ethiopia. Assessment was done at Jimma agricultural research center on stored soybean entries and varieties for the precence and absence of the Callosobruchus pest. As management method, four different locally available storage materials and one imporve storage bag (PICS) were evaluated. The treatments were arranged in randomized complete block design with two replications. We identified the Callosobruchus chinensis as one of the economically important stored soybean pest affecting the stored soybean at Jimma, and its infestation severely increased from time to time. Based upon evaluated storage materials 0.06% to 91.71% weight loss after six months storage duration was recorded. Stored soybean seeds in PICS gave lower grain damage (8.05%) and weight loss (0.06%). Hence, Purdue Improved Crop Storage (PICS) can reduce the infestation of C. chinensis and can be used as one component of integrated stored soybean pest management. Further studies are recommended especially on the resistant genotype screening, and development of integrated pest management.
    
    VL  - 12
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Author Information
  • Jimma Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural, Research, Jimma, Ethiopia

  • Jimma Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural, Research, Jimma, Ethiopia

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