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The Necessity of Providing Optimal Micronutrients to the Preterm Low Birth Weight Infants for Preventing Long-Term Health Complications in Perspective of Bangladesh

Preterm newborns are more likely to experience malnutrition because they have undeveloped body systems and lower levels of body storage for nutrients. Complementary feeding that is out of balance increases the risk of nutritional excesses and deficiencies. However, there is little information on their dietary needs after leaving the hospital. Appropriate micronutrient intake should be taken into account when planning supplemental feeding because of their crucial role in supporting numerous bodily processes. This narrative review provides an overview of the requirements for long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs), iron, zinc, vitamin D, calcium, and phosphate supplementation in preterm babies during supplemental feeding. The scientific community is beginning to comprehend the benefits of giving iron and vitamin D supplements to specific subgroups of preterm infants. On the other hand, there isn't enough information yet to provide precise suggestions for the inclusion of LCPUFAs, zinc, calcium, and phosphorus. But the preterms' health depends on these micronutrients: While calcium and phosphorus supplements are important to prevent metabolic bone disease (MBD) in preterm infants, LCPUFAs can promote the development of the retina and the brain. While we wait for consensus on these micronutrients, it is clear how knowledge of the heterogeneity in the premature population may help modify nutritional planning in connection to the growth rate, comorbidities, and detailed clinical history of the preterm baby.

Preterm Low Birth Weight Infants, Optimizing Nutrition, Enteral Feeding, Expressed Breast Milk, Complementary Feeding, Micronutrients, Fortification

Azizul Hossain, Abu Nayeem Mohammad Shahidul Islam Bhuiyan, Iftekhar-Ul-Haque Khan, Mohammad Yousuf Faruqi Parvez, Farah Chowdhury, et al. (2023). The Necessity of Providing Optimal Micronutrients to the Preterm Low Birth Weight Infants for Preventing Long-Term Health Complications in Perspective of Bangladesh. International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences, 12(5), 148-157.

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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