International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences

Research Article | | Peer-Reviewed |

Investigation of Galerina sulciceps-Induced Food Poisoning: A Case Study

Received: 6 September 2023    Accepted: 27 October 2023    Published: 24 November 2023
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Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to investigate a poisoning incident resulting from the consumption of wild mushrooms, understand the poisoning process, identify the cause of poisoning, and determine potential influencing factors. Methods: The investigation employed epidemiological methods, morphological and molecular identification of mushroom samples, and toxin detection. Results: A 65-year-old male and a 62-year-old female consumed approximately 300g of wild mushrooms, while a 3-year-old boy only consumed mushroom soup. Symptoms including abdominal pain, vomiting, and diarrhea appeared in the three individuals 14-17 hours after consumption. The patients were correctly diagnosed and treated at approximately 19 hours, 43 hours, and 72 hours after consuming the wild mushrooms. Upon admission, the liver function indicators of the three patients were: 102U/L (ALT)/141U/L (AST), 1186U/L (ALT)/795U/L (AST), and 15446U/L (ALT)/18033U/L (AST), respectively. The 65-year-old male and 62-year-old female were discharged on the 7th and 9th day after treatment, respectively, while the 3-year-old boy died on the 6th day. Morphological and molecular identification of fresh toxic mushrooms revealed Galerina sulciceps as the causative agent. Laboratory testing detected three types of amatoxins, including α-amanitin, β-amanitin, and γ-amanitin. Conclusion: The outbreak of this incident was caused by the ingestion of toxic mushrooms Galerina sulciceps containing amatoxins. The prognosis of amatoxin-induced poisoning is associated with timely and accurate diagnosis and treatment. It is recommended to strengthen public education and market supervision to prevent the picking and consumption of wild mushrooms. The public should be reminded to seek medical attention promptly if symptoms appear 6-7 hours after consuming wild mushrooms and inform the healthcare providers about their history of wild mushroom consumption.

DOI 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20231206.11
Published in International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences (Volume 12, Issue 6, November 2023)
Page(s) 166-172
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Investigation, Mushroom, Food Poisoning, Galerina Sulciceps

References
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[6] National Center for Biotechnology Information. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/
[7] Guo C, Yang CL, Li XH, et al. Investigation and analysis of a poisoning event caused by Galerina sulciceps. Adverse Drug Reactions Journal, 15 (1): 22-26. DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.1008-5734.2013.01.007.
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[16] Afrah Thiab Hlail. Mushroom (Amanita phalloides) Poisoning: Mechanisms, Pathogenesis, Prognosis and Strategies of Treatment. University of Thi-QarJournalof Science (UTsci). 2021; 8 (2): 16-22. DOI: 10.32792/utq/utjsci.v8i2.807.
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  • APA Style

    Zhifan, H., Xiaohui, L., Haiying, M., Qiang, Z., Chunying, L., et al. (2023). Investigation of Galerina sulciceps-Induced Food Poisoning: A Case Study. International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences, 12(6), 166-172. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijnfs.20231206.11

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    ACS Style

    Zhifan, H.; Xiaohui, L.; Haiying, M.; Qiang, Z.; Chunying, L., et al. Investigation of Galerina sulciceps-Induced Food Poisoning: A Case Study. Int. J. Nutr. Food Sci. 2023, 12(6), 166-172. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20231206.11

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    AMA Style

    Zhifan H, Xiaohui L, Haiying M, Qiang Z, Chunying L, et al. Investigation of Galerina sulciceps-Induced Food Poisoning: A Case Study. Int J Nutr Food Sci. 2023;12(6):166-172. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20231206.11

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ijnfs.20231206.11,
      author = {He Zhifan and Li Xiaohui and Ma Haiying and Zhang Qiang and Luo Chunying and Feng Min and Wang Yao and Wang Xixi},
      title = {Investigation of Galerina sulciceps-Induced Food Poisoning: A Case Study},
      journal = {International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences},
      volume = {12},
      number = {6},
      pages = {166-172},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ijnfs.20231206.11},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijnfs.20231206.11},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijnfs.20231206.11},
      abstract = {Objective: This study aimed to investigate a poisoning incident resulting from the consumption of wild mushrooms, understand the poisoning process, identify the cause of poisoning, and determine potential influencing factors. Methods: The investigation employed epidemiological methods, morphological and molecular identification of mushroom samples, and toxin detection. Results: A 65-year-old male and a 62-year-old female consumed approximately 300g of wild mushrooms, while a 3-year-old boy only consumed mushroom soup. Symptoms including abdominal pain, vomiting, and diarrhea appeared in the three individuals 14-17 hours after consumption. The patients were correctly diagnosed and treated at approximately 19 hours, 43 hours, and 72 hours after consuming the wild mushrooms. Upon admission, the liver function indicators of the three patients were: 102U/L (ALT)/141U/L (AST), 1186U/L (ALT)/795U/L (AST), and 15446U/L (ALT)/18033U/L (AST), respectively. The 65-year-old male and 62-year-old female were discharged on the 7th and 9th day after treatment, respectively, while the 3-year-old boy died on the 6th day. Morphological and molecular identification of fresh toxic mushrooms revealed Galerina sulciceps as the causative agent. Laboratory testing detected three types of amatoxins, including α-amanitin, β-amanitin, and γ-amanitin. Conclusion: The outbreak of this incident was caused by the ingestion of toxic mushrooms Galerina sulciceps containing amatoxins. The prognosis of amatoxin-induced poisoning is associated with timely and accurate diagnosis and treatment. It is recommended to strengthen public education and market supervision to prevent the picking and consumption of wild mushrooms. The public should be reminded to seek medical attention promptly if symptoms appear 6-7 hours after consuming wild mushrooms and inform the healthcare providers about their history of wild mushroom consumption.
    },
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Investigation of Galerina sulciceps-Induced Food Poisoning: A Case Study
    AU  - He Zhifan
    AU  - Li Xiaohui
    AU  - Ma Haiying
    AU  - Zhang Qiang
    AU  - Luo Chunying
    AU  - Feng Min
    AU  - Wang Yao
    AU  - Wang Xixi
    Y1  - 2023/11/24
    PY  - 2023
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijnfs.20231206.11
    DO  - 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20231206.11
    T2  - International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
    JF  - International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
    JO  - International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
    SP  - 166
    EP  - 172
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2327-2716
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijnfs.20231206.11
    AB  - Objective: This study aimed to investigate a poisoning incident resulting from the consumption of wild mushrooms, understand the poisoning process, identify the cause of poisoning, and determine potential influencing factors. Methods: The investigation employed epidemiological methods, morphological and molecular identification of mushroom samples, and toxin detection. Results: A 65-year-old male and a 62-year-old female consumed approximately 300g of wild mushrooms, while a 3-year-old boy only consumed mushroom soup. Symptoms including abdominal pain, vomiting, and diarrhea appeared in the three individuals 14-17 hours after consumption. The patients were correctly diagnosed and treated at approximately 19 hours, 43 hours, and 72 hours after consuming the wild mushrooms. Upon admission, the liver function indicators of the three patients were: 102U/L (ALT)/141U/L (AST), 1186U/L (ALT)/795U/L (AST), and 15446U/L (ALT)/18033U/L (AST), respectively. The 65-year-old male and 62-year-old female were discharged on the 7th and 9th day after treatment, respectively, while the 3-year-old boy died on the 6th day. Morphological and molecular identification of fresh toxic mushrooms revealed Galerina sulciceps as the causative agent. Laboratory testing detected three types of amatoxins, including α-amanitin, β-amanitin, and γ-amanitin. Conclusion: The outbreak of this incident was caused by the ingestion of toxic mushrooms Galerina sulciceps containing amatoxins. The prognosis of amatoxin-induced poisoning is associated with timely and accurate diagnosis and treatment. It is recommended to strengthen public education and market supervision to prevent the picking and consumption of wild mushrooms. The public should be reminded to seek medical attention promptly if symptoms appear 6-7 hours after consuming wild mushrooms and inform the healthcare providers about their history of wild mushroom consumption.
    
    VL  - 12
    IS  - 6
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Chengdu Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Chengdu, China

  • Chengdu Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Chengdu, China

  • Wenjiang Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Chengdu, China

  • Wenjiang Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Chengdu, China

  • Chengdu Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Chengdu, China

  • Chengdu Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Chengdu, China

  • Chengdu Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Chengdu, China

  • Chengdu Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Chengdu, China

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