International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Research Article |

Study of the Conservation of the Anti-Oxidant Quality of Cowpea Seeds (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) by a Triple Bagging System and Lippia multiflora Leaves

Cowpea seedsare a food legume rich in natural antioxidants. However, in Côte d'Ivoire, inefficient and sometimes unhealthy storage and preservation methods stand in the way of its production and food use. In the present work, triple-bottom bags combined or not with Lippia multiflora leaves have been proposed as a substitute for synthetic storage products. To evaluate this system, the phenolic compounds and antioxidant micronutrients of cowpea seeds were monitored over an 8-month period using a central composite design (CCD). Results for antioxidant quality parameters show a significant influence (P < 0.05) between treatment type and shelf life. After 8 months of storage, the rates of loss of total phenols, flavonoids, iron, zinc, manganese, α-tocopherol and percentage antioxidant activity of cowpea seeds recorded in triple-bottom bags combined with biopesticide were: 2-12%, 4-9%, 4-18%, 7-20%, 10-15%, 10% and 2-18% respectively. In the triple bagging system without biopesticide (H0), the values recorded after 4.5 months are respectively around 24%, 19%, 29%, 35%, 26%, 20% and 24% for total phenols, flavonoids, iron, zinc, manganese, α-tocopherol and antioxidant activity. Whereas in the control polypropylene bag (TST), those obtained after 4.5 months are respectively: 36%, 67%, 53%, 57%, 52%, 50% and 63%. Overall, the results obtained indicated a stable antioxidant quality of cowpeas during the first 5 months in the triple bagging system without biopesticide and during 8 months in the triple bagging systems combined with Lippia multiflora leaves. However, the minimum proportion of 2.5% Lippia multiflora leaves is desirable for maintaining the antioxidant quality parameters of preserved cowpea seeds.

Cowpea Conservation, Ivory Coast, Biopesticide, Triple Bagging, Antioxidant Quality

APA Style

Ibrahim, F., Olivier, C. K., Silvère, O. G., Marius, B. G. H. (2023). Study of the Conservation of the Anti-Oxidant Quality of Cowpea Seeds (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) by a Triple Bagging System and Lippia multiflora Leaves. International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences, 12(6), 173-179.

ACS Style

Ibrahim, F.; Olivier, C. K.; Silvère, O. G.; Marius, B. G. H. Study of the Conservation of the Anti-Oxidant Quality of Cowpea Seeds (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) by a Triple Bagging System and Lippia multiflora Leaves. Int. J. Nutr. Food Sci. 2023, 12(6), 173-179. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20231206.12

AMA Style

Ibrahim F, Olivier CK, Silvère OG, Marius BGH. Study of the Conservation of the Anti-Oxidant Quality of Cowpea Seeds (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) by a Triple Bagging System and Lippia multiflora Leaves. Int J Nutr Food Sci. 2023;12(6):173-179. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20231206.12

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. Cai R., Hettiarachchy N. S. &Jalaluddin M., 2003. - High-performance liquid chromatography determination of phenolic constituents in 17 varieties of cowpeas. Journal of Agriculture, Food and Chemistry, 51: 1623-1627.
2. Granito M., Torres A., Frias J., Guerra M. & Vidal-Valverde C., 2005. - Influence of fermentation on the nutritional value of two varieties of Vignasinensis. European Food Research Technology, 220: 176-181.
3. Ghadge P. N., Shewalkar S. V. &Wankhede D. B., 2008. - Effect of Processing Methods on Qualities of Instant Whole Legume: Pigeon Pea (Cajanuscajan L.). Agricultural Engineerig International: the CIGR Ejournal. Manuscript FP 08 004. Vol. X: 1-8.
4. Sule O. S., Emmanuel O. I., Oladipupo D. &Bukola B. O. S., 2014. - Effect of Callosobruchus maculates infestation on the nutrient-antinutrient composition, phenolic composition and antioxidant activities of some varieties of cowpeas (Vignaunguiculata). Advance Journal of Food Science and Technology, 6: 322-332.
5. Batifoulier F., Verny M. A., Chanliaud E., Rémésy C. &Demigné C., 2006. - Variability of B vitamin concentrations in wheat grain, milling fractions and bread products, European Journal of Agronomy 25: 163-169.
6. Ayogu R. N. B., Nnam N. M. &Mbah M., 2016. - Evaluation of two local cowpea species for nutrient, antinutrient and phytochemical compositions and organoleptic attributes of their wheat-based cookies. Food & Nutrition Research, 60: 1-8.
7. Mahan M. R., Deigna-Mockey V., Konan N. Y., Coulibaly A., Assi Y. O., Sidibé D. &Biego G. H. M., 2017. - Évaluation of the vitamin contents of Palmyra (Borassusaethiopum M) new shoots, moringa (MoringaoleiferaL) and cowpea (Vignaunguiculata W) flours consumed in Côte d’Ivoire. Journal of Applied Life Sciences International, 11: 1-11.
8. Hama-Ba F., Siedogo M., Ouedraogo M., Dao A., Dicko HM. &Diawara B., 2017. - Consumption patterns and nutritional value of food legumes in BURKINA FASO. African Journal of Food, Agriculture Nutrition and Development, 17: 12871-12888.
9. Bazzano L. H. J., Ogden L. G., Loria C., Vupputuri S., Myers L. &Whelton P. K., 2001. - Legume consumption and risk of coronary heart disease in US men and women: NHANES I Epidemiologic Follow-up Study. Archive of Internal Medecine, 161: 2573-2578.
10. Niamketchi L., Chatigre O., Konan Y., Biego G. H., 2016. - Nutritive compounds evolution of postharvest maize (zea mays l.) stored in granaries with biopesticides from rural conditions in Côte d’Ivoire. International Journal of Innovative Research in Technology & Science 4: 50-64.
11. Konan K. C., 2017. - Evaluation of the sanitary quality of cowpea (Vignaunguiculata L. Walp.) seeds stored in a triple bagging system in the presence of biopesticides from Lippiamultifloramoldenke. Doctoral Thesis Félix Houphouët-BoignyUniversity, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, 168 p.
12. Fofana I. 2019. Study of the conservation of the nutritional quality of cowpea (Vignaunguiculata L. Walp) seeds by a triple bagging system and biopesticide (Lippiamultiflora leaves). Doctoral Thesis, Félix Houphouët-Boigny Université, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, 259 p.
13. Dié G. R., 2022. Study of the nutritional quality of maize (Zea mays L.) kernels preserved with biopesticides (LippiamultifloraMoldenke and HyptissuaveolensPoit) in a triple bagging system. Doctoral Thesis, Félix Houphouët-Boigny University, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, 163 p.
14. Konan K. C., Fofana I., Coulibaly A., Koffi N. E., Chatigre O. &Biego G. H. M., 2016. - Optimization of storage methods of cowpea (Vignaunguiculata L. Walp) bagged PICS containing biopesticide (LippiaMultiflora) by central composite experimental design in Côte d’Ivoire. International Journal of Environmental & Agriculture Research, 2: 46-56.
15. Singleton V. L., Orthofer R. &Lamuela-Raventos R. M., 1999. - Analysis of total phenols and other oxydant substrates and antioxydants by means of Folin-Ciocalteu reagent. Methods Enzymology, 299: 152-178.
16. Meda A., Lamien C. E., Romito M., Millogo J. &Nacoulma O. G., 2005. - Determination of total phenolic, flavonoid and proline contents in Burkina Faso honeys as well as well as their radical scavenging activity. Food Chemistry, 91: 571-577.
17. Choi C. W., Kim S. C., Hwang S. S., Choi B. K., Ahn H. J., Lee M. Z., Park S. H. & Kim S. K., 2002. - Antioxydant activity and free radical scavenging capacity between Korean medicinal plant and flavonoids by assay guided comparison. Plant Science, 163: 1161-1168.
18. AOAC, 1990. - Official methods of analysis 15th Edition, Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington DC, Arlington, V.A. pp 503-515.
19. Mogbo T. C., Okeke T. E. &Akunne C. E., 2014. - Studies on the resistance of cowpea seeds (Vignaunguiculata) to weevil (Callosobruchusmaculatus) infestations. American Journal of Zoological Research 2: 37-40.
20. Ferreira C. D., Ziegler V., Paraginski R. T., Vanier N. L., Elias M. C. & Oliveira M., 2017. - Physicochemical, antioxidant and cooking quality properties of long-term stored black beans: effects of moisture content and storage temperature. International Food Research Journal, 24: 2490-2499.
21. Baoua I. B., Amadou L., Baributsa D. & Murdock L. L., 2014. - Triple bag hermetic technology for postharvest preservation of Bambara groundnut (Vignasubterranea (L.) Verdc.). Journal of Stored Products Research, 58: 48-52.
22. Akami M., Chakira H., Andongma A. A., Khaeso K., Gbaye O. A., Nicolas N. Y., Nukenine E.-N. &Niu C.Y., 2017. - Essential oil optimizes the susceptibility of Callosobruchus maculates and enhances the nutritional qualities of stored cowpeaVignaunguiculata.Royal Society Open Science, 4: 1-12.
23. Tia V., 2012. - Insecticidal power of essential oils of five aromatic plant species from Ivory Coast in the control of phytophagous insects bemisiatabaci Gen. and plutellaxylostella Lin.: Chemical composition and efficacy tests. PhD thesis in biochemistry and food science, Université Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Abidjan, 205 p.