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Research Article |

Investigation of Galerina sulciceps-Induced Food Poisoning: A Case Study

Objective: This study aimed to investigate a poisoning incident resulting from the consumption of wild mushrooms, understand the poisoning process, identify the cause of poisoning, and determine potential influencing factors. Methods: The investigation employed epidemiological methods, morphological and molecular identification of mushroom samples, and toxin detection. Results: A 65-year-old male and a 62-year-old female consumed approximately 300g of wild mushrooms, while a 3-year-old boy only consumed mushroom soup. Symptoms including abdominal pain, vomiting, and diarrhea appeared in the three individuals 14-17 hours after consumption. The patients were correctly diagnosed and treated at approximately 19 hours, 43 hours, and 72 hours after consuming the wild mushrooms. Upon admission, the liver function indicators of the three patients were: 102U/L (ALT)/141U/L (AST), 1186U/L (ALT)/795U/L (AST), and 15446U/L (ALT)/18033U/L (AST), respectively. The 65-year-old male and 62-year-old female were discharged on the 7th and 9th day after treatment, respectively, while the 3-year-old boy died on the 6th day. Morphological and molecular identification of fresh toxic mushrooms revealed Galerina sulciceps as the causative agent. Laboratory testing detected three types of amatoxins, including α-amanitin, β-amanitin, and γ-amanitin. Conclusion: The outbreak of this incident was caused by the ingestion of toxic mushrooms Galerina sulciceps containing amatoxins. The prognosis of amatoxin-induced poisoning is associated with timely and accurate diagnosis and treatment. It is recommended to strengthen public education and market supervision to prevent the picking and consumption of wild mushrooms. The public should be reminded to seek medical attention promptly if symptoms appear 6-7 hours after consuming wild mushrooms and inform the healthcare providers about their history of wild mushroom consumption.

Investigation, Mushroom, Food Poisoning, Galerina Sulciceps

APA Style

Zhifan, H., Xiaohui, L., Haiying, M., Qiang, Z., Chunying, L., et al. (2023). Investigation of Galerina sulciceps-Induced Food Poisoning: A Case Study. International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences, 12(6), 166-172. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijnfs.20231206.11

ACS Style

Zhifan, H.; Xiaohui, L.; Haiying, M.; Qiang, Z.; Chunying, L., et al. Investigation of Galerina sulciceps-Induced Food Poisoning: A Case Study. Int. J. Nutr. Food Sci. 2023, 12(6), 166-172. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20231206.11

AMA Style

Zhifan H, Xiaohui L, Haiying M, Qiang Z, Chunying L, et al. Investigation of Galerina sulciceps-Induced Food Poisoning: A Case Study. Int J Nutr Food Sci. 2023;12(6):166-172. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20231206.11

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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